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This section includes relevant practices, innovative processes and ‘learning from experience’ examples. The information presented in the Best Practices was taken from public sources and assessed by UrbanWINS experts according to the project requirements, field research, deductions and analytical process.
Key assumptions and projections may deviate from the opinions presented by author, this may typically be the result of differing time horizons, methodologies, contexts or other factors.

We do not assume any rights or guarantees, the sources of all data can be found in the „References” section, in the document. At the time of publishing, we did not received a point of view from the owners/beneficiaries of some of the practices (although have been requested an official position to the authors, via e-mail).

In case of errors, the document can be corrected at any time or in special cases, the good practice can be withdrawn simply by email notification.

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The I:Collect (I: Co) organization is a global waste collection network set up in 2009 that has implemented programs for the recycling of textile waste for the first time in Europe. It is also a subsidiary of SOEX, with the world’s first shoe recycling plant from SOEX in Wolfen, Germany.

Eliminate the Idea of Waste – Close the Loop – Terracycle business model

TerraCycle is the world’s leader in the collection and repurposing of complex waste streams (including hard-to-recycle waste like used cigarette butts, coffee capsules, school pens, ocean plastic, oral and beauty care products, plastic gloves).

MED-3R measures to improve the collection of home generated medical waste

The Metropolis of Nice Cote d’Azur conducted a communication campaign through the MED-3R project, to inform and raise users’ awareness about the risks of these hazardous waste. It provided them with the contact details of the 112 pharmacies that can collect their medical waste.

Community RePaint network

Community RePaint is a UK wide paint reuse network, formed in 1993, based on the model of a successful pilot project (“Waste Wagon”) conducted in Leeds in 1992, which was addressed to household hazardous waste.

ENVACTCARB – Activated carbon manufacturing using xylite charcoal for environment application

The ENVACTCARB project developed a clean technology for producing activated carbon from recovery of xylite waste from brown coal mining. Xylite-based activated carbon is an environmentally friendly absorbent, that can be used in the purification processes of gases or water, as it fixes and retains the substances effectively from the fluids which it comes into contact with.

North Pest Clean

North Pest Clean is a project which has proved that alkaline hydrolysis can be used as new technology for remediation of pesticide contaminated soil and groundwater.

Green Energy out of Waste Oil – Thames Water London

In 2015, the UK-based green utility company 2OC set up a combined heat and intelligent power (CHiP) plant at Beckton (east London). The main source of fuel for the plant consists in fats, oils and greases (FOGs) which are thrown away by households and restaurants.

NEMO – Near Zero Waste Recycling of low-grade sulfidic mining waste

NEMO is the EU H2020 Innovation Action project targeting the near-zero-waste recycling of low-grade sulfidic mining waste.

„Tenga il Resto” (Keep What’s Left)

„Tenga il resto” consists of the distribution of 100.000 aluminum trays that the Aluminum Packaging Consortium (CIAL) provided to public establishments joining the initiative against food waste.

Municipal offices based on circular principles

The Metropolitan City of Rome published a tender for calls to award contributions to those municipalities willing to undertake projects aimed at reducing food waste and rescuing unsold food for charities or animal feed.

Webserie Objective #Rezero- (JO SÓC COCO CAMPAIGN)

Rezero is a non-profit organization that has been fighting for a decade to change the model of production and consumption towards zero waste in collaboration with the social and economic agents of the country.

Incentives (E.G. PAYT Schemes) for Those Commercial and Productive Activities Which Are Actively Engaged in Limiting Food Waste

The Metropolitan City of Rome published a tender for calls to award contributions to those municipalities willing to undertake projects aimed at reducing food waste and rescuing unsold food for charities or animal feed.

Video Monitoring Systems to Prevent Fly-Tipping and Illegal Landfill Sites

In 2017 the Metropolitan City of Rome published a public notice to grant public contributions to municipalities of the metropolitan area undertaking monitoring activities to prevent fly-tipping and illegal landfill sites through the installation of camera traps.

Inspections and Enforcement as an Instrument for Enhancing Environmental Behaviour

The analyzed practice brings together a series of studies that aim to improve the way inspections are carried out by environmental protection agencies, in order to improve their activity and the relationship with the inspected party.

Bio–bean – powered by coffee

Founded in 2013 by Arthur Kay, bio-bean is the first company in the world to industrialise the process of recycling waste coffee grounds into advanced biofuels and biochemicals.


REALIZE, coordinated by Chalmers University of Technology, was an interdisciplinary and collaborative research project carried out in 2012-2015 with participants from universities, research institutes and industry. REALIZE was aimed to find strategies for a more resource-efficient recycling of vehicles.

Estonian Recycling Competence Centre (CDW RECYCLING)

In an effort to overcome the apparent barriers in improving the quality of recycling and the market of CDW recycled products (e.g. recycled aggregates), the waste management sector in Estonia through its Waste Management Association initiated the creation of a Waste Recycling Cluster (eventually becoming the Recycling Competence Centre).

Microwaves ecofriendly alternative for a safe treatment of medical waste

Expected results: The project proved the feasibility of microwave technology in the treatment of medical waste, and its status as a BAT, leading to the updating of the relevant BAT Reference Documents (BREF).

Small Scale Anaerobic Digestion for Supermarkets

The practice is a pioneering pilot implemented by Continente (large retailer) for on-site transformation of organic waste from one of its hypermarket stores into energy and fertilizer – it is the first retail company in the world to implement this solution in a hypermarket.

Waste Management Award PHÖNIX (PHOENIX)

The Phoenix Prize has been awarded since 1999 (initially on an annual, since 2008 on a biennial basis) to practicable and/or innovative and creative solutions and concepts relevant to waste management.

Educo Project

The project consisted in the collection of Used Cooking Oil (UCO) at schools to produce biodiesel, involving students and by creating jobs for people at risk of social exclusion.


DEMOCLES (The keys of demolition) was a 2 year collaborative project involving more than 40 French stakeholders of construction sector: Authorities, National environment agency, building owners, project managers, demolition companies, waste management companies, building material and equipment manufacturers.

Last minute market

As part of the work placement area, Last Minute Market is a service to combat poverty and discomfort in the territories of Monterotondo (RM), Mentana (RM) and Fara in Sabina (RI). The aim is to recover unused food from local schools and redistribute it to people in difficulty identified by the Social Services.

Sustainable Public Procurement of School Catering Services

School catering represents a significant part of the procurement budget for the City of Turin. On average 8 million meals are delivered each year, with an annual cost of approximately 40 million EUR. One specific area of focus in the Smart City Master Plan of Turin was to achieve low carbon school catering service: in their most recent catering tender, Turin (Italy) introduced several measures and included various criteria into their current school catering contract aiming to reduce the associated carbon footprint.

RECOSI – a leading social franchise in the reuse of ICT (Information and Communication Technology)

RECOSI (Regional and European Co-Operative for Social Industry) is a social franchise operating in the reuse and refurbishment of ICT (PC, laptops, monitors, tablets) & WEEE (waste electrical and electronic equipment).

„Zero Waste” Island – Sardinia

Fifteen years ago Sardinia was Italy’s worst performing region in waste management. Today, it is the best performing island in the Mediterranean.

Waste Disposal Tax with Refund Criteria (Catalan Municipal Solid Waste disposal tax)

In an effort to divert waste from landfilling and incineration, Catalonia region introduced, in 2004 and 2008, the landfill and incineration taxes, in parallel with making investments in waste infrastructure and separate collection schemes out of tax proceeds.

County Green Points Network and social exchange platform

The aim of the project is to increase the number of old objects who are in good conditions which can be collected by „Green Points” in Bages region and reused by deprived people at risk of social exclusion. So far 4 NGOs and 35 municipalities from the region are involved in the program and they were opened 16 Municipaly Green Points and 28 Mobile Green points.

ECOFLEXOBAG – Development and demonstration of best practices to design and produce sustainable commercial bags

The ECOFLEXOBAG project has been made for the purpose of reducing the negative environmental impact of commercial bags during their entire lifecycle. Its main objective was to develop and demonstrate an innovative methodology that can help manufacturers – particularly SMEs – to design and produce environmentally sustainable bags.

NEW JERSEY PROJECT – New Generation of Barriers using rubbers from end-of-life tyres

The project aims to make a demonstration and validation of a new generation of eco-friendly New-Jersey safety barriers, with improved impact absorption performance, by using recycled rubber from tyres and recycled plastics in their composition, following 2 different ways of using recycled materials on them.

Mercado organisado do residuos (Organized Waste Market)

It is a public limited company formed by Sociedade Ponto Verde, Ambigroup, ACAP and Seminv, to manage the first integrated management platform in the organised waste market (OWM) . Agência Portuguesa do Ambiente (Portuguese Environment Agency, APA) has li-censed MOR Online, the first integrated platform in the organised waste market.

Water ecological islands – Water House (Water Points)

The installation of Water Houses and Water Points in Turin has the objective of encouraging the development and diffusion of the use of water coming from the public network with a view to promoting water saving.

PRISCA – Pilot Project for scale reuse starting from bulky waste stream

The main objective of the PRISCA project was to reduce the flow of bulky waste sent to landfills and to increase the recovered and reused materials and goods resulted from bulky waste stream.

Food waste kitchen sink disposers – Malmo

The proposed practice from City of Malmö consists of a pilot project in which kitchen waste disposers have been installed as an easy-to-manage method of dealing with food waste.

Alelyckan Recycling Park in Gothenburg

The recycling park planning of started in 2003 and it was opened 4 years later through an EU Horizon 2020 research and innovation Project. AleLyckan Ecopark provides the citizens in Gothenburg with the unique concept of recycling, reuse and second hand stores all in one place.

Scow – Selective collection of the organic waste in tourist areas

SCOW’s goal is to define an innovative and sustainable biowaste management system through effective collection and waste treatment into decentralized small-scale composting plants, located near biowaste generation sites, and, at the same time, where the compost could be applied.

Fruta Feia/Ugly Fruits

Fruta Feia Cooperative is a non-profit consumer’s cooperative, established to reduce food waste due to its appearance, channeling directly from the region’s farmers to consumers; part of the production of fruits and vegetables currently rejected for mere aesthetic reasons – shape, size or colour.


REDU is a project developed by „Mai Bine” Association, an NGO with more than 7 years experience in environmental protection activities as a social enterprise, aiming to transform waste into resources in a creative and educational way.

Let’s pick up the furniture in the city

Sabadell is a city with 207.000 inhabitants, thus makes the waste collection service as one of the most essential services of the city. Sorting is done through a 5 fractions system, which distinguish among organic, paper, glass, general containers (cans, plastic bottles, carton, etc.) and waste.

Bioenergy Villages (BioVill) – Increasing the Market Uptake of Sustainable Bioenergy

The overall objective of the BioVill project is to support the development of regional bioenergy concepts and the establishment of „Bioenergy Villages” in Croatia, Macedonia, Romania, Serbia and Slovenia.

Industrial Symbiosis Platform in Italy

The development and implementation of the first Platform for Industrial Symbiosis in Italy took place in Sicily in the period 2011-2015, in the framework of Eco-Innovazione Sicilia project.

Educational paths on waste recycling and reuse services

The aim of the practice was to raise awareness and develop new habits to reduce, reuse, and recycle materials with the aim to achieve the goal of “zero waste”. The group that this practice was addressed was among the high school, primary students in the city of Rome, with the objective to influence in a more premature state the change of attitudes front environmental waste concerns.

Wood biomass facilities

Linea Energia builds plants for exploiting energy from wood biomasses using the best technology available. Through LGH Rinnovabili (held 100%) and Franciacorta Rinnovabili (strategic holding 48%), Linea Energia has built and runs two biomass plants, in Cremona and Rodengo Saiano (Brescia), which are expected to produce around 14 GWh a year.

IMPACTPapeRec Project

The European project IMPACTPapeRec was launched for the purpose of increasing separate paper collection for recycling in Europe and avoid incineration and landfilling. This initiative turns into real activities to be carried out in the identification and implementation of best practices for PfR (Paper and cardboard for Recycling) collection in Europe.

Package of measures “Green Events”

The package of measures “Green Events” describes a series of actions taken for waste prevention at public events, in the city of Vienna. Besides the mandatory use of reusable dishes and cutlery by means of the Viennese waste management law for many public events, the platform “ÖkoEvent” (“eco event”) provides information, advice and consultation (free for local government departments of the City of Vienna.

Mini guide for proper door-to-door separate collection

After the introduction of a new door-to-door waste collection system The Metropolitan City of Rome has developed a separate collection mini-guide in order to guide citizens on good household waste sorting practices. The mini-guide has been shared with all the municipalities of the metropolitan area.

Good After

Launched in 2016, GoodAfter.com is an online supermarket dedicated to selling products that are near or exceed the best before date and can therefore be marketed at lower prices, without compromising food safety.


The best practice Batteries2020 aims to improve performance, lifetime and total cost of ownership of batteries for EVs by the simultaneous development of high-performing and durable cells, reliable lifetime prediction, understanding ageing phenomena and assessment of second life in renewable energy applications.


Miniwaste was a European project meant to develop methodologies for organic waste management. It aimed to demonstrate, in accordance with Waste Framework Directive 2008/98/EC, that it was possible to significantly reduce the amount of organic waste (food and green waste) at the source in a mastered and sustainable way.

ReMade in Italy

ReMade in Italy’s certification scheme evaluates products made from pre-consumer or post-consumer material diverted from the waste stream. It measures the percentage of recycled content for the purpose of making an accurate claim in the market.

Reuse Center Cremona

RI-USO Center has been activated in collaboration with a social cooperative with the aim of promoting the direct reuse of goods that are thrown away and that can be directly reused and favoring initiatives to support the weaker sections of the population.

Home and Community Composting (Terra à Terra)

Terra à Terra is a project that promotes home composting to collective buildings, houses and public or private institution’s, for organic waste reduction, on Lipor’s Municipalities.

The Near-Zero European Waste Innovation Network

The best practice NEW_InnoNet’s main goal is to mobilize stakeholders towards joint efforts aimed at implementing circular economy approaches, and thus develop and reinforce solid foundations for building the European Near-Zero Waste Platform.

Educational campaign

The project is aimed at primary and secondary schools of first degree, and for some themes also for students of secondary schools of the second degree, of the Municipalities served by the companies of the Group. Linea Group Holding and more particularly Linea Gestioni have always dedicated particular attention to the new generations through the promotion of educational projects of environmental education…

Ecofeste Italy

Within the project Ecofeste, The Municipality has adopted a “Decalogue of good practices” that will be the reference point for the event organizers. The Council approved the Guidelines for Ecofeste with the intent to promote virtuous behaviour during public events so as to obtain a reduction in the amount of waste produced. This initiative is also part of the activities to improve and enhance separate waste collection.


To increase the efficiency of its fleet of vehicles, to reduce CO2 emissions and to raise public awareness of environmental issues Linea Gestioni – LGH Group has decided to use T-Recycle, an innovative eco-friendly pedal assisted vehicle that will be used for street sweeping and emptying of baskets in Historic centers.


The best practice COLLECTORS’ main goal is to facilitate the implementation of better performing waste collection systems – and thus enabling a transition towards a European circular economy.


The best practice BATinLoko envisage the implementation of BAT (best available techniques) for companies operating IPPC (integrated pollution prevention and control) systems in order to secure sustainable development approaches to environmental management.

SIGUREC – Smart Recyclable Waste Machines

SIGUREC is the most advanced recyclable waste collecting service currently operating in Ro-mania and has 3 collecting solutions. SIGUREC, the first smart recycling system launched in Romania, will turn Romanian cities into European „smart cities” – with a cleaner air, green surroundings and blocks of flats without garbage shoots.


Bio&Co farm (one of the projects initiated by “Ateliere Fara Frontiere” Association) is a social enterprise which produces organic vegetables and reduces waste and pollution, by collecting food and organic waste and composting it, obtaining a fertilizer for organic farming.

Eco Sport Water

The project Acqua Eco Sport supports and promotes sporting events, amateur and professional with zero impact. The aim is to spread a virtuous model of organization and management of sporting events, promoting the consumption of public water, fresh at zero km, replacing water in plastic bottles.


The LIFE RE-WEEE Project aims to prevent the Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE) generation. In order to achieve this objective, two WEEE sorting centers (SCs) will operate for the first time in Greece, in the wider region of Attika and Central Macedonia correspondingly.

Separate collection of used cooking oils

LIPOR – Intemunicipal Waste Management of Greater Porto, implemented a supramunicipal separate collection network of Used Cooking Oils in its intervention area, constituted by eight Municipalities (Espinho, Gondomar, Maia, Matosinhos, Porto, Póvoa de Varzim, Valongo e Vila do Conde).

Cree Building System

In the “LifeCycle Tower Demonstration Project”, the project team led by Cree GmbH, a newly established subsidiary of the Rhomberg Group, set itself the objective of implementing the know-how gained from the forerunner project “LifeCycle Tower” in a demonstration project with eight storeys in timber hybrid construction.


Resource Efficient Food and drink for the Entire Supply chain” (REFRESH) is an EU research project taking action against food waste. The overall aim of the REFRESH project is to work towards the project’s goal to contribute towards Sustainable Development Goal 12.3 of halving per capita food waste at the retail and consumer level and reducing food losses along production and supply chains…


Development of a digital platform for cities for the management of different urban flows (energy, waste, water, etc) in the pilot city of Torino, Italy.

ORION – innovative system of anaerobic digestion

ORION project aimed to help a vast majority of SMEs to manage their organic waste by themselves in order to decrease their treatment costs (storage, transport, landfill or incineration) and increase on-site hygiene conditions. Wastes was also valorized as biomass to produce energy and increase SME autonomy and profitability.

RE-FOOD Portugal

The Re-food Model works as a 100% volunteer, goodwill driven/ citizen run movement dedicated to ending food waste and hunger locally by mobilizing all of the elements of a given community – we will gladly assist anyone who desires to implement it correctly in their local community.

Municipal waste collection center Iasi

In December 2014, ECOTIC Association signed a partnership with the Municipality of Iasi regarding the approval for the set-up of a Municipal Collection Center for Recyclable and Hazardous Waste coming from city households. The Center is the result of the association between the Municipality of Iasi and ECOTIC and has been launched in March 2016.

ECOTIC Caravan

The Caravan has won the in 2018 the EU Award for best Life environment project and we are very proud to receive such an honor. When it comes to awareness campaigns the first impression is crucial, but it is important also to have sustainable activities and to always return to a school.

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