NAME OF BEST PRACTICE:
Municipal waste collection center Iasi
Address: 26th Gradinari Street, Iasi, Romania
Contact: Head of Environmental Office – Ana Maria Schiopu
Tel: +4 0728 114 898
Additional links: http://www.cmciasi.ro/en
WHERE: Iasi, Romania
WHEN: Since 2016 operational
WASTE MANAGEMENT HIERARCHY: Recycling: Reuse –Reprocessing
TYPE OF INSTRUMENT: Education, information, awareness raising & Voluntary/promotional
WASTE STREAMS: Municipal waste, Packaging waste, Waste electrical and electronic equipment, Textiles, Batteries, Construction and demolition waste, Organic residues (garden waste), Paper, Bulky waste, Waste oil
In December 2014, ECOTIC Association signed a partnership with the Municipality of Iasi regarding the approval for the set-up of a Municipal Collection Center for Recyclable and Hazardous Waste coming from city households. The Center is the result of the association between the Municipality of Iasi and ECOTIC and has been launched in March 2016.
Municipal waste collection center Iasi
The main goal of the center is the improvement of collection rates for recyclable waste and the reduction of the negative impact on the environment, especially for the waste of electric and electronic equipment (WEEE). Project objective is the realization of the business opportunities of greening of the European economy (in addition to the set-up of Iasi collection center). The Center aims to become a local solution for Iasi and an example of best practices at national level. The need for such a solution dedicated to the citizens is generated by:
– Low national collection rates for WEEE and recyclable waste;
– Inefficient infrastructure offered by municipalities for collection of recyclable waste;
– Most of WEEE`s are lost in the metal waste flows.
The collection center (CMCI) is the first municipal waste collection center in Romania, built and operated by European standards, and has been launched in March 2016. “My Clean Iasi” was the name of the launching campaign, meant to stimulate the people of Iasi to recycle the main municipal waste generated (biodegradable, textiles, package, WEEE etc).
- Knowhow: the implementation strategy has been designed based on working visits to similar collection centers in Norway.
Funding; budget: Iasi collection center is part of the project “Steps for WEEE” (a project of ECOTIC Association, co-financed by Norway Grants).
- Project cost: EUR 392,669 (Norway Grants: EUR 223,069)
- Material resources (CMCI facilities):
– Auto access for cars and vans;
– Pedestrian access;
– Specialized containers for different types of waste;
– Special area for storage of reusable items, that are meant to be donated to disadvantaged groups;
– Information Point – for detailed information on waste flows and the benefits you bring to the environment.
- Human resources: Assistance and manipulation of waste insured by the Center’s personnel 3 employees (1 Administrator and 2 handlers).
Between February 17 – March 14, 2016, a total of 1350 students from 21 schools in Iasi have learned about separate collection and were informed about the launch of the first municipal collection center opened in Iasi (CMCI). The center benefitted from a wide-ranging information campaign via radio, TV, print and online, as well as outdoor material placement, distribution of over 120,000 informative flyers and promotion in public transport and shopping centers.
Results in 2017:
– Total quantities of generated waste: 125 tones
– Quantity of waste sent for recycling: 122 tones
– Unique generators: 1492
– Average/day of unique generators: 5
– Average/day of unique generators during collection campaigns: 10
– Information and collection campaigns: 4
Urban metabolism relevance
Over 10 types of municipal waste can be stored to CMCI in order to be transformed in secondary raw materials (new resources): furniture, objects for decoration, electronic equipment, batteries and accumulators, clothes, footwear, paper, cardboard packaging, plastic, glass packaging, metal packaging, including contaminated packaging, books, stationery, construction and demolition waste, vegetal waste. The urban flows are key for the future development of the collection center, as a response to the needs of society.
Engaged participatory processes
The main stakeholders involved in awareness activities are Salubris (the local sanitation company), the City Hall of Iasi, ECOTIC Association and the local office of Environment Protection Agency.
The collection center launch was preceded by a 1-month interactive campaign in schools in Iasi, where Iasi students received information about the opening of CMCI, about where and how they can bring to the center. The students were also encouraged to share information with their close friends and received specific data on the importance of waste collection in Romania and how everybody can contribute to the cleanliness of the community we live in. For the purpose of instructing Iasi citizens (and especially the children) to recycle, periodical campaigns are organized (about 2/year). Given permanent preoccupation to support the local community, since 2005 Salubris has carried out a consistent and coherent program of training, information and awareness of the population on waste management and in particular the separate collection of recyclable waste.
CMCI is the first municipal collection center in Romania. It is a modern solution, made up with European know-how and it aims to make the recycling activities friendlier to Iasi community. Also, CMCI brought to citizens’ attention a new concept – that of an Information Point – meant to answer all those interested in questions about: the importance of separate collection of waste, recycling, valorization, their impact on the environment, solutions for discharging. The information point is addressed to all categories of citizens, children and adults , the staff of the center being prepared to provide information on collection and waste recycling.
Sustainability and replicability
CMCI is designed to give a civilized and environment friendly direction to recyclable waste that otherwise would reach the landfill. Romania needs such collection centers, where the population can easily reach either pedestrian or car and can hand over all kinds of waste that exists in a household and can be recycled or reused: plastic, cardboard, paper, glass, textiles, C&D waste, WEEE and others. A further objective of Iasi Municipality is to extend the existing municipal collection center by including a repair shop for furniture, textiles or electronics that can be refurbished and reintroduced into the economic system but also for the recovery and reuse of building materials; once implemented, the initiative would lead to the creation of the first “eco-park” in Romania, a business model based on the principles of the circular economy.
Since 2017, Iasi joined the international network “Zero Waste Municipalities” and becomes the first municipality in Romania with a population of more than 350,000 inhabitants, committed to implementing “zero waste” solutions with proven impact in other over 350 European cities in the transition to the circular economy.
This Center aims to become a local solution for Iasi and an example of best practices at national level. In this respect, the cooperation between the partners has resulted in lean management and transfer of – know-how in waste management from a different perspective. The contribution had in view the experience exchange from Norway, but the replicability differs from one country to another. For example, in Norway the quantitative results are much higher due to the culture of recycling and the way waste is seen – as a resource.
Successful public-private partnership: the implementation of Municipal Collection Center in Iasi has been made in partnership between Iasi Municipality (local authority) on one hand, and: Salubris (private local sanitation company) and ECOTIC Association (NGO), on the other hand. The CMCI’s implementation strategy has been based on a working visit to Norway similar collection centers, visit paid by representatives of City Hall of Iasi and Salubris SA. People are encouraged to bring the waste to CMCI by periodically organized campaigns and raffles with attractive prizes (such as tablets, TVs washing machines). The last raffle has been organized between 8-16 December 2017. As a result of the success registered at the Municipal Collection Center of Iasi (CMCI), since December 2017, legal persons can now hand over waste free of charge.
Iasi City took advantage of the ECOTIC Association’s challenge to build this center. The establishment of this center could never achieve results unless young people are educated in this spirit. A big challenge was to build a modern platform on the site of former garbage field. At the same time, no compromises were made in order to affect the life of nearby community. However, the collection center is not yet enough known by the entire community. Also, there still is a strong people’s resistance to change their habits.