NAME OF BEST PRACTICE:
LIPOR – Separate collection of used cooking oils
Contact: Fernando Leite (CEO)
LIPOR – Intermunicipal Waste Management of Greater Porto
Address: Rua da Morena, 805 | 4435-746 Baguim do Monte
WHERE: LIPOR’s Associated Municipalities (Espinho, Gondomar, Maia, Matosinhos, Porto, Póvoa de Varzim, Valongo e Vila do Conde).
WHEN: 2010 – present (ongoing)
WASTE MANAGEMENT HIERARCHY: Recycling/Reprocessing
TYPE OF INSTRUMENT: Separate Waste Collection
WASTE STREAMS: Municipal waste, Used Cooking Oils
LIPOR – Intemunicipal Waste Management of Greater Porto, implemented a supramunicipal separate collection network of Used Cooking Oils in its intervention area, constituted by eight Municipalities (Espinho, Gondomar, Maia, Matosinhos, Porto, Póvoa de Varzim, Valongo e Vila do Conde). This project is the result of a partnership between LIPOR, its eight Associated Municipalities, and a private company that is responsible for the collection and recovery of waste oils, as well as for the maintenance and cleaning of the containers for used cooking oils deposition.
With this project LIPOR intends to:
• Provide Municipalities with suitable equipment (bins) for UCO deposition, in accordance with the requirements of Decree-Law nº 267/2009 of September 29th
• Involve the citizens in the correct disposal of this waste
• Raise awareness among the population to adopt best practices of UCO management;
• Promote the benefits of UCO recycling
• Ensure an appropriate final destination for UCO
• Contribute to the achievement of energy policy goals, to reduce GHG emissions and to comply with the Kyoto Protocol
In this sense, were installed in all the eight Municipalities, orange colour bins for the separate deposition of UCO.
This system is for the citizens to separate the UCO produced in their homes (eg. Oil resulting from fried foods, olive oil).
Assuring compliance with legal obligations and create the necessary conditions for citizens to separate the used cooking oils produced in their homes, contributing to valorisation of this waste into new products, such as biodiesel or soap and simultaneously reducing landfilling or incineration.
Another important goal is to avoid the discharge of fats in the sewage network, which causes damage to the pipes, difficult and increases the cost of wastewater treatment, among with other significant environmental impacts.
Orange bins for used cooking oils (UCO) deposition. The UCO, after cooling, should be deposited in a tightly closed plastic package. This package (filled and well closed) should be placed inside the nearest UCO orange bin. These used cooking oils will then be collected and sent for recycling, being transformed into new products, such as biodiesel or soap. The purchase of containers is performed by the concessionary company. The management of the project is Lipor’s responsibility. Currently this function is performed by 1 senior technician of Operational Projects Unit.
At the end of 2017, in Lipor’s Associated Municipalities, there are:
• 342 orange bins for used cooking oil deposition installed on public road;
• 164 orange bins for used cooking oil deposition installed in buildings with waste compartment.
The project resulted in the collection of 79.1 ton of UCO (2017), representing an increase of 1.65% over the previous year.
Urban metabolism relevance
The practice has been implemented in a broader policy context than the one of the urban waste policy (it is integrated in a climate change policy that aims to contribute to the achievement of energy policy goals, to reduce GHG emissions and to comply with the Kyoto Protocol).
The results of the practice make reference to outcomes going beyond waste prevention and management, for example: reducing environmental impacts and reducing the use of natural resources (by contributing to obtaining biodiesel and reducing the consumption of virgin oil).
The practice has been implemented in connection with various urban material flows. The practice is contributing to circular economy approaches by enhancing the circularity of materials (via upcycle) and by showing the valorisation approaches of the waste.
We also highlight the urban metabolism relevance of all the previously mentioned objectives of the project. The project is focused on the main areas of waste hierarchy, since it contributes to reduce mixed waste hazardousness and to improve urban waste recycling. Simultaneously, it contributes to accomplish the main goals of European urban waste policy, since it increases materials circularity in the value chain.
Engaged participatory processes
The practice has been implemented with the engagement of the following urban stakeholders:
• Lipor (Municipalities Association) and its 8 Associated Municipalities,
• Private Companies
• Other Local entities: Eg: Schools, Training Centres, Associations, Social Welfare Organisations
Lipor’s Board of Directors decided to implement this supramunicipal UCO collection network, in order to provide Municipalities with suitable equipment for UCO deposition, in accordance with the requirements of Decree-Law nº 267/2009 of September 2009. For this purpose, was established a concession contract with a private company that is responsible for the collection and recovery of UCO, as well as for the maintenance and cleaning of the containers for UCO deposition.
Lipor’s Environmental Education area and the concessionary company have developped awareness sessions in schools, in training centers, associations and social welfare organisations, in order to aware the students and the community regarding the importance of UCO separate collection. The engagement tools of stakeholders include face to face events (such as meetings, workshops, activities in schools) and online tools (such as social media/website).
The engagement processes are going beyond a simple consultation of stakeholders and includes integrating stakeholders into the team.
The population has been engaged in the process through communication campaigns (social networks, websites, newsletters, leaflets, posters, billboards). This communication is always emphasised in Christmas season, since the production of UCO is higher in this period. The result has been positive, since the quantities of UCO collected have been increasing.
“The implementation of Separate Collection of Used Cooking Oils network contributes to the achievement of the main goals of European waste policies, namely qualitative prevention, recycling, promotion of „circular economy”, reduction of GHG emissions and increasing the general public awareness regarding good environmental practices.” (Maria do Céu Silva, Support Unit for the Implementation of Operational Projects, Department of Operations and Logistics, LIPOR)
The practice uses original or resourceful techniques, namely organizational, based on the cooperation of various departments of Lipor (Operational Projects Implementation, Communication and Awareness, Data Analysis, Legal area), and the involvement of numerous stakeholders (Municipalities, Lipor (Municipalities Association), private companies and other entities in the community, namely schools.
The initiative is praiseworthy, since it’s focused in used cooking oil management, a waste stream, whose management needs to be improved in many European cities.
Sustainability and replicability
The project was implemented in 8 Lipor’s Associated Municipalities, which demonstrates that the practice can be easily reproduced by (local) public authorities and is relevant for other regions across Europe. The practice continues to have effect and be functional since its implementation.
- Partnership between Lipor and its 8 Associated Municipalities and a private company responsible for waste collection;
- Strong involvement of the community and the citizens
Waste, Resources, Innovation.
Requiring that citizens transfer the used cooking oil to a plastic package and carry it to the nearest bin, eventually causing oil spill, is a challenge. For this reason, the project needs a strong component of public awareness.