NAME OF BEST PRACTICE:
LIPOR – Separate collection of used cooking oils
Contact: Fernando Leite (CEO)
LIPOR – Intermunicipal Waste Management of Greater Porto
Address: Rua da Morena, 805 | 4435-746 Baguim do Monte
WHERE: LIPOR’s Associated Municipalities (Espinho, Gondomar, Maia, Matosinhos, Porto, Póvoa de Varzim, Valongo e Vila do Conde).
WHEN: 2010 –present (ongoing)
WASTE MANAGEMENT HIERARCHY: Recycling/Reprocessing
TYPE OF INSTRUMENT: Education, information, awareness raising;
WASTE STREAMS: Municipal waste, Used Cooking Oils
LIPOR – Intermunicipal Waste Management of Greater Porto, implemented a supramunicipal separate collection network of Used Cooking Oils in its intervention area, constituted by eight Municipalities (Espinho, Gondomar, Maia, Matosinhos, Porto, Póvoa de Varzim, Valongo e Vila do Conde). This project is the result of a partnership between LIPOR, its eight Associated Municipalities, and a private company that is responsible for the collection and recovery of waste oils, as well as for the maintenance and cleaning of the containers for used cooking oils deposition.
With this strategy LIPOR intends to:
- Provide Municipalities with suitable equipment (bins) for used cooking oils (UCO) deposition, in accordance with the requirements of Decree-Law nº 267/2009
- Involving the citizens in the correct disposal of this waste
- Raise awareness of the population to adopt best practices of UCO management;
- Show the benefits of UCO recycling
- Ensure an appropriate final destination for UCO
- Contribute to the achievement of energy policy goals, to reduce GHG emissions and to comply with the Kyoto Protoco
In this sense, orange bins for the separate deposition of UCO were installed in all the eight Municipalities. This system is for the citizens to separate the UCO produced in their homes (eg. Oil resulting from fried foods, olive oil)
Assuring compliance with legal obligations and create the necessary conditions for citizens to separate the used cooking oils produced in their homes, contributing to valorization of this waste into new products, such as biodiesel or soap and simultaneously reducing landfilling or incineration.
Another important goal is to avoid the discharge of fats in the sewage network, which causes damage to the pipes, difficult and increases the cost of wastewater treatment, among with other significant environmental impacts.
- Orange bins for used cooking oils (UCO) deposition.
- The UCO, after cooling, should be deposited in a tightly closed plastic package. This package (filled and well closed) should be placed inside the nearest UCO orange bin.
- These used cooking oils are then be collected and sent for recycling, being transformed into new products, such as biodiesel or soap.
At the end of 2017, in Lipor’s Associated Municipalities, there are:
• 342 orange bins for used cooking oil deposition installed on public road;
• 164 orange bins for used cooking oil deposition installed in buildings with waste compartment.
The project resulted in the collection of 79.1 ton of UCO (2017), representing an increase of 1.65% over the previous year.
Urban metabolism relevance
The practice has been implemented in a broader policy context than the one of the urban waste policy (for example, it is integrated in a climate change policy that aims to contribute to the achievement of energy policy goals, to reduce GHG emissions and to comply with the Kyoto Protocol). The results of the practice make reference to outcomes going beyond waste prevention and management, for example: reducing environmental impacts and reducing the use of natural resources (by contributing to obtaining biodiesel and reducing the consumption of virgin oil). The practice has been implemented in connection with various urban material flows and it is contributing to circular economy approaches by enhancing the circularity of materials (via upcycle) and by showing the valorisation approaches of the waste.
Engaged participatory processes
The practice has been implemented with the engagement of the following urban stakeholders: local authorities (Municipalities and Lipor – Municipalities Association), private company (waste management), citizens and schools.
The engagement tools of stakeholders include face to face events (such as meetings, workshops, activities in schools) and online tools (such as social media/website). The engagement processes goes beyond a simple consultation of stakeholders and deal with inclusion of stakeholders in the team.
The practice uses original or resourceful techniques, namely organizational, based on the cooperation of various departments, with numerous stakeholders. The initiative is praiseworthy, since it’s focused in used cooking oil management, a waste stream, whose management needs to be improved in many European cities.
Sustainability and replicability
The project was implemented in eight Lipor’s Associated Municipalities, which demonstrates that the practice can be easily reproduced by (local) public authorities and is relevant for other regions across Europe. The practice continues to have effect and be functional since its implementation.
- Partnership between Lipor and its 8 Associated Municipalities and a private company responsible for waste collection;
- Strong involvement of the community and the citizens
Requiring that citizens transfer the used cooking oil to a plastic package and carry it to the nearest bin, eventually causing oil spill, is a challenge. For this reason, the project needs a strong component of public awareness.